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What is Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami,Flos Carthami Tinctorii)?Property,constituents and application of safflower?What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?Application and benefit of Saffron?[Safflower P.E.,Carthamus tinctorius L. Flowewr P.E.,Flos Carthami P.E.,Flos Carthami Tinctorii Extracts.Saffron P.E.,Stigma Croci Extracts.Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.),Introduction to Safflower,Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami Tinctorii,Safflower,Ethnic names:Alazor,Azafran,Beni-Bana,E'Sfer,Habb Et Quirthim,Huang Lan,Hung Hua, Hung Lan Hua,Kasumba,Kesumba,Qurtum,Yao Hua,What it is safflower?,Safflower,Carthamus tinctorius L.,is a thistle-like plant with a strong central branch stem,Property and Effects of Safflower,Anti-rheumatic,eliminating blood stasis to relieve pain,Phytochemicals and Constituents of Saffflower,Functions and clinical use of safflower,Invigorates the Blood and promotes menstruation,Congealed Blood patterns,Congealed Blood wounds and pain,nonsuppurative sores,carbuncles,and dark,incomplete expression of the rash of measles or chest Painful Obstruction from Congealed Blood,Amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea dueto blood stasis andpostpartum abdominalpain due to retentionof blood stasis,Various kindsof pain due to bloodstasis,American saffron, dyer's saffron,false saffron, is an annual plant native to the Mediterranean countries and cultivated in Europe and the U.S. Its glabrous, branching stem grows from 1 to 3 feet high and bears alternate, sessile, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate leaves armed with small, spiny teeth. The orange-yellow flowers grow in flower heads about 1 to 10 inches across,treat coronary disease, thrombotic disorders,and menstrual problems,Safflower can be used as a diuretic and to calm the nerves and soothes hysteria. It supports the heart and liver,It helps promote circulation,useful substance in cosmetology.]

From: michael derrida
Category: ҵϢ
Date: 1/14/2004
Time: 3:15:37 AM
Remote Name: 218.95.201.24

Comments

What is Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami,Flos Carthami Tinctorii)?Property,constituents and application of safflower?What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?Application and benefit of Saffron?[Safflower P.E.,Carthamus tinctorius L. Flowewr P.E.,Flos Carthami P.E.,Flos Carthami Tinctorii Extracts.Saffron P.E.,Stigma Croci Extracts.Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.),Introduction to Safflower,Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami Tinctorii,Safflower,Ethnic names:Alazor,Azafran,Beni-Bana,E'Sfer,Habb Et Quirthim,Huang Lan,Hung Hua, Hung Lan Hua,Kasumba,Kesumba,Qurtum,Yao Hua,What it is safflower?,Safflower,Carthamus tinctorius L.,is a thistle-like plant with a strong central branch stem,Property and Effects of Safflower,Anti-rheumatic,eliminating blood stasis to relieve pain,Phytochemicals and Constituents of Saffflower,Functions and clinical use of safflower,Invigorates the Blood and promotes menstruation,Congealed Blood patterns,Congealed Blood wounds and pain,nonsuppurative sores,carbuncles,and dark,incomplete expression of the rash of measles or chest Painful Obstruction from Congealed Blood,Amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea dueto blood stasis andpostpartum abdominalpain due to retentionof blood stasis,Various kindsof pain due to bloodstasis,American saffron, dyer's saffron,false saffron, is an annual plant native to the Mediterranean countries and cultivated in Europe and the U.S. Its glabrous, branching stem grows from 1 to 3 feet high and bears alternate, sessile, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate leaves armed with small, spiny teeth. The orange-yellow flowers grow in flower heads about 1 to 10 inches across,treat coronary disease, thrombotic disorders,and menstrual problems,Safflower can be used as a diuretic and to calm the nerves and soothes hysteria. It supports the heart and liver,It helps promote circulation,useful substance in cosmetology.]

Composition&Application: Property and Effects of Safflower:Pungent in flavour,warm in property, acting on the heart and liver channels.Used as Laxative, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Sedative, Nervine, Emmenagogue, Purgative, Anti-rheumatic. Invigorating circulation of blood, normalizing menstruation and eliminating blood stasis to relieve pain. Saffron in Medicine:As a therapeutical plant, saffron it is considered an excellent stomach ailment and an antispasmodic, helps digestion and increases appetite. It is also relieves renal colic, reduces stomachaches and relieves tension. During the last years it was used as a drug for flu-like infections, depression, hypatomegaly and as a sedative for its essential oils. It is also considered that in small quantities it regulates women's menstruation, and helps conception.

What is Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami,Flos Carthami Tinctorii)?Property,constituents and application of safflower?What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?Application and benefit of Saffron?

----------------------------------------------------------------------- Botanical Basic Data of Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.). What it is Safflower?Property,Effects and constitution of Safflower. Functions and clinical use of safflower. Ethnobotany:Worlwide use of safflower. What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?. Health benefit and application of Saffron.

Botanical Basic Data of Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.).: Botanical name: Carthamus tinctorius L. Pharmaceutical name: Flos Carthami Tinctorii Family: Asteraceae ; Genus: Carthamus ; Species: tinctorius Common name:Safflower Ethnic names:Alazor, Azafran, Beni-Bana, E'Sfer, Habb Et Quirthim, Huang Lan, Hung Hua, Hung Lan Hua, Kasumba, Kesumba, Qurtum, Yao Hua.

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What it is Safflower?Property,Effects and constitution of Safflower.: Safflower,Carthamus tinctorius L., is a member of the family Compositae or Asteraceae, is a thistle-like plant with a strong central branch stem, a varying number of branches, and a tap-root system. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. The seed oil content ranges from 30 to 45 percent. Flower color is usually yellow or orange, although some varieties have red or white flowers. Plant height in North Dakota varies between 15 and 30 inches depending on environmental conditions. The taproot of safflower can penetrate to depths of 8 to 10 feet if subsoil temperature and moisture permit. As a result, safflower is more tolerant to drought than small grains. Traditionally, the crop was grown for its flowers, used for colouring and flavouring foods and making dyes, especially before cheaper aniline dyes became available, and in medicines. Property and Effects of Safflower: Pungent in flavour,warm in property, acting on the heart and liver channels.Used as Laxative, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Sedative, Nervine, Emmenagogue, Purgative, Anti-rheumatic. Invigorating circulation of blood, normalizing menstruation and eliminating blood stasis to relieve pain. Phytochemicals and Constituents of Saffflower: Beta-farnesene,Cadienals,Heptenols,Hexenols,Pentenals,Penenols,(Z)-3-hexenyl-benzoate,(Z)-3-hexenyl-butyrate,(Z,z)-1,8,11-hepta-decatriene, (Z,z)-3,11-tridecatriene-5,7,9-triyne, (Z,z,z)-1,8,11,14-heptade-catetraene, 1,2,3-trimethoxy-5-methyl-benzene, 1-heptadecene, 1-hexadecene, 1-pentadecene , 1-tridecene, 2-hydroxyarctiin, 3-methylbutyric-acid, Alloaromadendrene, Alpha-cedrene, Alpha-copaene, Alpha-gurjunene, Alpha-muurolene, Alpha-phellandrene, Alpha-tocopherol, Beta-cyclocitral, Beta-ionone, Beta-selinene, Carthamin, Carthamone, Caryophyllene, Caryophyllene-epoxide, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper, Gamma-tocopherol, Germacrene-d , Humulene, Iron, Isocarthamin, Kaempferol-glycoside, Limonene, Luteolin-7-beta-d- glucoside, M-xylene, Magnesium, Manganese, Matairesinoside, Methylcinnamate, Mucilage, Neocarthamin,Niacin, Nonanal, O-xylene, P-cymene, P-xylene, Pent-1-en- 3-ol, Pent-3-en-2-one, Pentanol, Phenol, Phenylacetaldehyde,Phosphorus, Safflower-yellow, Safynol, Sd, Selenium, Serotobenine, Silicon, Terpinen-4 -ol , Tetracheloside, Tetradecene, Ubiquinone-9, Verbenone, Zinc ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Functions and clinical use of safflower.: 1.Invigorates the Blood and promotes menstruation: used for Congealed Blood patterns, with amenorrhea, abdominal pain, postpartum dizziness, lochioschesis, and abdominal masses. Dispels Congealed Blood and alleviates pain: used for Congealed Blood wounds and pain, nonsuppurative sores, carbuncles, and dark, purplish erythema. Also used for incomplete expression of the rash of measles or chest Painful Obstruction from Congealed Blood. 2. Amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea dueto blood stasis andpostpartum abdominalpain due to retentionof blood stasis. It is often used with peach kernel, Chineseangelica root and chuanxiong rhizome, as in Decoction of Four Ingredients Including Peach Kernel and Safflower(Taohong Siwu Tang).For masses in the abdomen, it can be used with burreed tuber, zedoary and red sage root. 3. Various kindsof pain due to bloodstasis. For chest pain due to obstruc-tion of qi in the chest, it is often prescribed with red sage root, red peony root and chuanxiong rhizome; for pains in the hypochondriumdue to blood stasis,it can be used withfrankincense, myrrhand peach kernel; for pain of traumaticinjuries, it can be used with sappan wood,dragon's blood (Resina Draconis) and musk; for external diseaseslike sores, carbunclesand other pyogenic skin infections, it can be given with dandelion, forsythiafruit and red peonyroot. Dosage and admi-nistration: 3- 10g, decocted in water for an oral dose. Safflower, also known as American saffron, dyer's saffron, and false saffron, is an annual plant native to the Mediterranean countries and cultivated in Europe and the U.S. Its glabrous, branching stem grows from 1 to 3 feet high and bears alternate, sessile, oblong, or ovate-lanceolate leaves armed with small, spiny teeth. The orange-yellow flowers grow in flower heads about 1 to 10 inches across. This herb is used traditionally in China to treat coronary disease, thrombotic disorders, and menstrual problems. Alcoholic extracts of the plant are used topically for direct application to ulcers and wounds. Safflower has been used effectively as a diaphoretic and a diuretic. Taken hot, safflower tea produces strong perspiration and has thus been used for colds and related ailments. It has also been used at times for its soothing effect in cases of hysteria, such as that associated with chlorosis. The plant has a strong taproot which enables it to thrive in dry climates. In India the crop has traditionally been grown in the 'rabi' or winter dry season in mixtures with other 'rabi' crops, such as wheat and sorghum. After emergence, the crop maintains a rosette form for some weeks before rapid elongation to mature height. The florets are self-pollinating but seedset can be increased by bees or other insects. Safflower is one of humanity's oldest crops, but generally it has been grown on small plots for the grower's personal use and it remains a minor crop with world seed production around 800 000 t per year (Gyulai 1996). Oil has been produced commercially and for export for about 50 years, first as an oil source for the paint industry, now for its edible oil for cooking, margarine and salad oil. Over 60 countries grow safflower, but over half is produced in India (mainly for the domestic vegetable oil market). Production in the USA, Mexico, Ethiopia, Argentina and Australia comprises most of the remainder. China has a significant area planted to safflower, but the florets are harvested for use in traditional medicines and the crop is not reported internationally. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ethnobotany:Worlwide use of safflower.: China Abortifacient, Alterative, Amenorrhea, Anodyne, Apoplexy, Astringent, Bactericide, Blood, Bruise, Discutient, Dropsy, Dysmenorrhea, Emmenagogue, Hemorrhage, Lenitive, Placenta, Puerperium, Purgative Sedative, Stimulant, Trauma, Uterotonic, Wound Elsewhere Bactericide, Candida, Carthamus, Diuretic, Diaphoretic, Dysmenorrhea, Emmenagogue, Fungicide, Jaundice, Measles, Purgative, Rheumatism, Scarlatina, Sedative, Sore, Stimulant, Tumor Turkey:Anodyne, Emmenagogue, Food-Dye, Laxative, Purgative, Rennet, Rheumatism Sudorific US:Antidote, Boil, Emmenagogue, Eruption, Fever, Hear, Laxative, Measles, Skin, Sudorific Safflower can be used as a diuretic and to calm the nerves and soothes hysteria. It supports the heart and liver. It helps promote circulation, dissolves clots, and can help induce menstruation. Safflower helps with post childbirth pains, stiffness and pain in joints, and internal bleeding. It can be taken hot to produce strong perspiration to remedy a cold. Related to the sunflower, Safflower is a magnificent thistle plant that grows to be quite tall. In summer, yellow flowers blossom in clusters around the stem. It is cultivated in southern Europe, as well as on other continents for the oil rich in essential lipids. Since the earliest times, Safflowers have been prized for their dietetic, medicinal and cosmetic benefits. Its emollient and moisturizing properties mean that it is still a very useful substance in cosmetology. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?:

The most precious and expensive spice in the world is saffron. The Saffron filaments, or threads, are actually the dried stigmas of the saffron flower, "Crocus Sativus Linneaus". Each flower contains only three stigmas. These threads must be picked from each flower by hand, and more than 75,000 of these flowers are needed to produce just one pound of Saffron filaments, making it the world's most precious spice. ut, because of saffron's strong coloring power and intense flavor, it can be used sparingly. Saffron is used both for its bright orange-yellow color and for its strong, intense flavor and aroma. "Crocus Sativus Linneaus" contains crocin, the source of its strong coloring property, bitter-crocin, which offers the distinctive aroma and taste and essential oils, which are responsible for its therapeutic properties. Saffron is available both in filaments and powder, though the long, deep red filaments are usually preferable to the powder as the latter can be easily adulterated. Today, the greatest saffron producing countries are Greece, Spain, Turkey, Iran, India, and Morocco. The largest saffron importers are Germany, Italy, U.S.A., Switzerland, U.K., and France. It was not defined well when saffron cultivation began, but it is believed that this might have happened during Prehistoric Greek times. The excavations in Knossos, Crete, and Akrotiri in the island of Santorini brought to light some frescoes where saffron is depicted. The most famous of these frescoes is the 'saffron gatherer', where it was depicted that there was a monkey amongst the yellow saffron flowers. Etymologically, the word crocus has its origin from the Greek word "croci" which means the weft, thread used for weaving on a loom. Mythologically, according to Ovidius, the plant took its name from the youth Crocus, who after witnessing in despair the death of fair Smilax was transformed into this flower. nown since antiquity, saffron it was one of the most desired and expensive spices of ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Romans for its aroma, color and aphrodisiac properties. It was quite popular among the Phoenician traders, who carried it wherever they traveled. The ancient Assyrians used saffron for medical purposes. Hippocrates and other Greek doctors of his time, like Dioskourides and Galinos mention crocus as a drug or a therapeutical herb. From the writings of Homer who calls dawn, "crocus veil", Aeschylus, Pindaros, and others, we know that the crocus was considered a rare pharmaceutical plant of ancient Greece with unique properties. It is referred throughout ancient history and in the course of many medical writings of the classical Greek and Roman times all the way to the Middle Ages. Another saffron use in ancient Greece was that of perfumery. The history of red saffron in modern Greece starts in the 17th century when red saffron was cultivated in the area of Kozani in Macedonia. For more than 300 years, Greek red saffron is systematically cultivated under the warmth of the Greek sun, in the rich soil of a unique area including many small towns of Kozani in West Macedonia. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Health benefit and application of Saffron.: As a therapeutical plant, saffron it is considered an excellent stomach ailment and an antispasmodic, helps digestion and increases appetite. It is also relieves renal colic, reduces stomachaches and relieves tension. During the last years it was used as a drug for flu-like infections, depression, hypatomegaly and as a sedative for its essential oils. It is also considered that in small quantities it regulates women's menstruation, and helps conception. It is a fact that even since antiquity, crocus was attributed to have aphrodisiac properties. Many writers along with Greek mythology sources associate crocus with fertility. Crocus in general is an excellent stimulant. Saffron in Medicine: As a therapeutical plant, saffron it is considered an excellent stomach ailment and an antispasmodic, helps digestion and increases appetite. It is also relieves renal colic, reduces stomachaches and relieves tension. During the last years it was used as a drug for flu-like infections, depression, hypatomegaly and as a sedative for its essential oils. It is also considered that in small quantities it regulates women's menstruation, and helps conception. It is a fact that even since antiquity, crocus was attributed to have aphrodisiac properties. Many writers along with Greek mythology sources associate crocus with fertility. Crocus in general is an excellent stimulant. Saffron in dying: The basic ingredient of crocus is crocin, the source of its strong coloring property. In antiquity it was a very rare and expensive substance and the color it produced and signified a high status or royalty. Romans used it to dye their hair and the "purple carpet" of saffron of Irish kings was such impressive examples. Saffron in cooking: As a spice it is used for colouring and flavor improving while giving a distinct aroma and a beautiful golden color. There is a great list of foods where saffron is added including cheese products such as cottage cheese and parmesan, soups, chicken and meat, various spirits, pasta and rice. To use saffron, either infuse a few threads in a cup of hot water and add the coloured liquid towards the end of cooking, or crumble the threads and add directly to the pot. Alternatively, dry roast, crumble and then steep the crumbled threads. Unlike other spices, a good pinch will suffice to add flavor and color most dishes. Cook with red Greek saffron and indulge in its excellent flavor. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scintific References: 1.What is Safflower(Carthamus tinctorius L.,Flos Carthami,Flos Carthami Tinctorii)?Property,constituents and application of safflower?What is Saffron(Stigma Croci)?Application and benefit of Saffron?Via Michael Derrida.

powder available: Safflower P.E. 5:1(Flos Carthami Tinctorii,Carthamus tinctorius L.)

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